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Brain fog

Menopause symptoms and treatments.

Brain fog

Brain fog, often referred to as cognitive fog or mental fog, is a state of disorientation characterised by attention problems, memory lapses, and diminished mental clarity. It can happen throughout menopause and is frequently a result of hormonal changes as well as elements such as insomnia, anxiety and slowed down recall. Unlike dementia the information is there it just takes longer to extract it.

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Possible causes of brain fog

Hormonal changes: During menopause, fluctuations in oestrogen and progesterone levels might impair cognitive function. The health of the brain, particularly memory and cognitive functions, is maintained in part by oestrogen. Low oestrogen levels have been linked to cognitive issues, such as brain fog.

Sleep issues: Sleep issues like sleeplessness, night sweats, or altered sleep patterns are frequently associated with menopause. Lack of sleep can affect how well the brain works, making it more difficult to concentrate, remember things, and think clearly.

Stress and mood swings: The menopause is a period of considerable hormonal and life changes, which can heighten feelings of stress, worry, and mood swings. These psychological elements may have an impact on cognitive ability and exacerbate brain fog.

Age-related factors: Other age-related changes in cognitive performance can also occur around the time of menopause, which normally happens around midlife. Differentiating cognitive changes linked with menopause from those related to normal ageing might be difficult.

Factors associated with a person’s lifestyle: Sedentary behaviour, a poor diet, insufficient exercise, and long-term stress are all associated with menopause-related cognitive impairments and brain fog.

Strategies that can help manage and alleviate symptoms

Get enough sleep: To encourage restful sleep, establish a regular sleep schedule and create a relaxing sleeping environment.

Exercise frequently: Research has demonstrated that exercise enhances mental health and cognitive performance. Regular aerobic exercise, including walking, jogging, or swimming, can help to support brain function.

Stay mentally active: Keep your mind active by doing puzzles, reading, picking up new skills, or partaking in mentally engaging hobbies. This can sustain cognitive function and enhance mental clarity.

Manage stress: Engage in relaxing activities or stress-reduction practises including mindfulness, meditation, deep breathing exercises, or relaxation techniques. Controlling stress can improve cognitive performance.

Ask for help: If brain fog seriously affects your everyday life and well-being, think about asking a healthcare professional for assistance. They can offer information, aid in the evaluation of your symptoms, and look into suitable therapy alternatives.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Live a healthy lifestyle by eating a diet that is balanced and full of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Keep hydrated, consume less alcohol and caffeine, and don’t smoke. Healthy habits can promote general brain health.