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Period issues and changes

Menopause symptoms and treatments.

Period issues and changes

Women often have alterations to their menstrual cycle throughout menopause and may experience a variety of period-related problems. Menopause is identified when a woman has gone without a period for 12 consecutive months and is characterised as the irreversible cessation of menstruation.

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Common period issues and changes:

Period irregularities

As menopause approaches in women, oestrogen and progesterone levels change. The regularity of menstrual cycles may alter as a result of these hormonal changes. Periods may become erratic, with changes in cycle length, the volume of bleeding, and the length of the bleeding. While some may experience light or missing periods, some months may experience significant bleeding.

Modifications to menstrual flow

During the perimenopause (the phase of change before menopause), menstrual flow may become heavier or lighter than usual. Some women may have more sporadic or protracted bleeding. It’s also typical for clots to accompany menstrual bleeding or for spotting to happen in between periods.

Cycle lengthening or shortening

During the perimenopause, menstrual cycles may extend or shorten. Cycles that were once typically 28 days long may now be 24 or 35 days or more. The body’s hormonal fluctuations are the cause of this cycle length variations.

Heavy or protracted bleeding

During the perimenopause, some women may experience episodes of heavy or protracted bleeding. Hormonal imbalances, alterations in the uterine lining, or additional underlying causes may be to blame. Monitoring the intensity and duration of bleeding is crucial because very heavy or protracted bleeding might necessitate medical intervention.


Menopause-related amenorrhea is a condition in which a woman’s period briefly stops occurring as the menopause approaches. But if there is a chance of conception, it’s crucial to remember that pregnancy should be ruled out as the cause of missed periods.

Consult a healthcare professional, such as a gynaecologist or menopause specialist, if you are having period problems as you transition into menopause. They can assess your symptoms, carry out the required tests if necessary, and offer suitable advice and treatment alternatives to manage any inconvenient or worrisome period problems. They may also go over different forms of treatment, such as hormonal medicines, to assist control your menstrual cycle or lessen the difficulties brought on by excessive or protracted bleeding.