Support Centre

Vaginal dryness and soreness

Menopause symptoms and treatments.

Vaginal dryness and soreness

Vaginal dryness and discomfort are frequent symptoms of menopause for many women. These symptoms are caused by hormonal changes that occur throughout this stage of life, when a woman’s body produces fewer oestrogen and progesterone hormones.

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Vaginal dryness: Oestrogen contributes to the hydration and flexibility of the vaginal tissues. The vaginal tissues may become dry, thin, and less lubricated as oestrogen levels fall throughout menopause. This can cause pain, itching, and a feeling of tightness in the vagina.

Vaginal soreness: Sexual intercourse or any friction in the area can produce soreness or pain due to the thinning and dryness of the vaginal tissues.

Coping strategies for vaginal dryness and soreness:

Lubricants and moisturisers: Over-the-counter vaginal lubricants and moisturisers can provide relief during sexual activity by boosting vaginal moisture and minimising friction. Water-based and silicone-based lubricants are typically safe to use and should only be used when necessary.

Vaginal oestrogen therapy: Your healthcare practitioner may offer vaginal oestrogen therapy for more severe cases of vaginal dryness and pain. Low-dose oestrogen is used in the form of lotions, tablets, or rings that are applied directly to the vagina. This can aid in the restoration of moisture and the overall health of the vaginal tissues.

Increased sexual activity: Regular sexual activity or close touch can aid in improving blood flow to the vaginal tissues and promoting natural lubrication.

Communication with your partner: Discuss your symptoms and feelings with your partner openly. Understanding and support from your partner can help to alleviate anxiety and make sexual activity more enjoyable.

Avoiding irritants: Avoid using scented soaps, douches or some types of pants that may irritate the vaginal area. Instead, use unscented soaps and cotton pants.

Exercises for the pelvic floor: Regular pelvic floor exercises can improve pelvic muscle strength and enhance bladder control. The muscles that control continence are contracted and relaxed during these activities. Using an App such as Squeezy or a device such as an Elvie can be helpful. A pelvic floor Physiotherapist can also support you with this.

Hydration and a healthy diet: Staying hydrated and eating a healthy diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids will help improve overall vaginal health.

Regular pelvic exams: Maintain regular pelvic exams and screenings, especially during menopause, to monitor vaginal health and spot any potential problems.